Ofishin Chang'e-5 na kasar Sin ya dawo da samfura daga wata zuwa duniya

Tun daga 1976, samfurin dutsen farko da ya dawo duniya ya sauka. A ranar 16 ga Disamba, kumbon Chang'e-5 na kasar Sin ya dawo da kimanin kilogram 2 na kayan bayan ziyarar gaggawa zuwa duniyar wata.
E-5 ya sauka a kan wata a ranar 1 ga Disamba, kuma ya sake dagawa a ranar 3 ga Disamba. Lokacin kumbon jirgin gajere ne saboda yana amfani da hasken rana kuma ba zai iya jure wa mummunan daren da ke haske ba, wanda ke da zafin jiki kasa -173 ° C. Kalandar wata tana dauke da kimanin kwanaki 14 na duniya.
"A matsayina na masanin kimiyyar wata, wannan abin karfafa gwiwa ne kwarai da gaske kuma na ji dadi da muka dawo kan duniyar wata a karon farko cikin kusan shekaru 50." In ji Jessica Barnes na Jami'ar Arizona. Manufa ta ƙarshe don dawo da samfura daga wata ita ce binciken Soviet Luna 24 a cikin 1976.
Bayan tattara samfura biyu, ɗauki samfurin guda daga ƙasa, sannan ka ɗauki samfuri ɗaya daga kusan mita 2 a ƙarƙashin ƙasa, sa'annan ka ɗora su a cikin abin hawa da ke hawa, sannan ka daga don sake haɗuwa da kewayen motar. Wannan taron shi ne karo na farko da kumbon mutum-mutumi guda biyu masu sarrafa kansu a wajan sararin samaniya.
An canza kawun din da ke dauke da samfurin zuwa kumbon dawowa, wanda ya bar sararin wata ya koma gida. Lokacin da Chang'e-5 ya kusanto duniya, sai ya fitar da kwanten, wanda ya tashi daga sararin samaniya a lokaci guda, kamar dutsen da ke tsallake saman wani tafki, yana tafiyar hawainiya kafin ya shiga sararin samaniya da tura wata sanarwa.
A ƙarshe, kawunansu ya sauka a Mongolia ta ciki. Wasu daga cikin watannin za a ajiye su a Jami’ar Hunan da ke Changsha, China, sauran kuma za a rarraba su ga masu bincike don nazari.
Ofayan mahimman bincike wanda masu bincike zasu yi shine auna shekarun duwatsu a cikin samfuran da kuma yadda yanayin sarari ke shafar su akan lokaci. "Muna tsammanin yankin da Chang'e 5 ya sauka yana wakiltar ɗayan ƙaramin lawa da ke gudana a saman wata," in ji Barnes. "Idan har za mu iya iyakance shekarun yankin, to za mu iya sanya tsauraran matakai a kan shekarun dukkanin tsarin hasken rana."


Post lokaci: Dec-28-2020